Anxiety is a physiological state causing feelings of fear, apprehension, and worry. These feelings are as common as happiness and joy. Studies are suggesting anxiety is a protective mechanism. It could be our body’s way of warning us against participation in potentially harmful situations before experiencing it.
What happens is our minds and how does our body react?
Basically, what happens is our minds perceive danger. This may be real or imagined. Our body reacts to this threat by preparing for action. Heart rate and blood pressure rise to increasing the blood flow to the major muscle groups. Sweating is increased to help maintain body temperature. When the threat is only imagined. As a result, these bodily functions lead to the common, unpleasant physical symptoms of feeling anxious. These include heart palpitations, shortness of breath, sweating, trembling, nausea and chills.
Sigmund Freud said anxiety was a signal of danger which results in physical defensive behaviors. These defensive behaviors are meant to enable our bodies to overcome whatever danger is threatening us. He believed we get these anxious feelings from traumatic experiences, and then reinforce the feelings through classical conditioning.
Associated with traumatic experiences
When we see or feel something and it is associate with previous traumatic experiences, we feel a resurgence of the anxiety these situations caused. Emotionally, we feel a sense of panic or extreme dread. Voluntary and involuntary behavior urges us to escape.
To clarify, if we just avoid or run away from these situations without dealing with it, we reinforce this urge to escape.